Indonesia’s post-disaster recovery has been fast in terms of its public infrastructures since the two earthquakes and tsunami in 2018. Roads are all paved and asphalted; schools and healthcare facilities are rebuilt or newly constructed; transitional shelters are almost 90% in place while the construction of permanent houses is on-going. The survivors are slowly recovering from their losses. However, there is still a big gap that needs to be filled in terms of getting a stable and secure source of income. There have been cases of migration of survivors to other cities where job opportunities are alluring despite some perceived risks since they are newcomers and more vulnerable. This is what CADIS director, Aris Miranda, MI has confirmed during his visit to the project sites from January 23-30, 2020. Two representatives of FADV – Mr. Biplab Chakrabarty and Mr. Baijayanta accompanied him during the visit.
On August 5, 2018, a destructive and shallow earthquake measuring Mw 6.9 struck the island of Lombok, Indonesia. The epicenter was located inland, near Loloan Village in North Lombok Regency. The fault rupture spread to the north and reached the sea, creating tsunamis. A month later, on September 28, a shallow, large earthquake struck in the neck of the Minahasa Peninsula, Indonesia, with its epicenter located in the mountainous Donggala Regency, Central Sulawesi. The earthquake caused major soil liquefaction in areas in and around Palu. In two locations, this led to mudflows in which many buildings became submerged, causing hundreds of deaths, with many more missing. The liquefaction was considered to be the largest in the world and was deemed as rare.
CADIS International and Fondazione Albero della Vita (FADV) have partnered in a post-disaster recovery program for six months addressing the psychosocial and mental health needs of the school children in with the following activities: psychosocial services and mental health through psychosocial first aid and case management, strengthening capacities of school and communities for formal & non-formal educational activities, and improving health-hygiene practices for reduction of morbidity and mortality through wash activities. The project has impacted 5.386 beneficiaries directly and 15.002 indirectly for a period of six months from July to December 2019.
The programs implemented in six months made a significant impact in the lives of the schoolchildren coming from the 12 schools of Sigi regency, Palu (6) and in Loloan regency and Gili Trawangan of Lombok (6). The schools also received materials and supply for the Child-Friendly Space (CFS). Eighteen teachers received training on CFS, skills development and psychosocial facilitation. There have been significant changes in the psycho-emotional disposition of the children after the earthquakes and tsunamis. They are motivated to study and coped well from the traumatic experience. The teachers appreciated so much the capacity and skill-building given to them.
The project was implemented by the local partners: PSE Manado or Caritas Manado (Palu) and Pemuda Al-Irsyad (Lombok), a local Islamic NGO of Indonesia. The partners recognized the limitation of the time and that is why only 85% of the schools targeted were covered. Nevertheless, it was an impressive collaboration. New learnings and shortcomings were recognized in this partnership.
The evaluation team of CADIS and FADV have also done a post-recovery assessment because of a three-year project in both regencies. The primary concerns at present are livelihood, psychosocial, mental health. In Palu, a new area in the Donggala regency where over 200 indigenous people’s families were somehow left behind in the general recovery program. About 90% of them are still living in the tents while in Lombok, other villages in Loloan will be added to the new project apart from Torean as well as in the Gili islands. The primary focus of the third phase intervention will be on livelihood, psychosocial, protection measures and advocacy to children and their parents.